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Título : Reforma del art. 133 de la Ley Orgánica de Educación Intercultural, en relación a la creación de una unidad de sustanciación de sumarios administrativos imputables a los representantes legales, directivos y docentes
Autor : Díaz Páez, Sebastián
Naranjo Ortiz, Gina Isabel
Palabras clave : DERECHO
REFORMA
ART. 133
LEY ORGÁNICA DE EDUCACIÓN INTERCULTURAL
Fecha de publicación : 2014
Resumen : La Ley Orgánica de Educación Intercultural, garantiza el derecho a la educación, determina los principios y fines generales que orientan la educación ecuatoriana en el marco del Buen Vivir, la interculturalidad y la plurinacionalidad; así como las relaciones entre sus actores. Desarrolla y profundiza los derechos, obligaciones y garantías constitucionales en el ámbito educativo y establece las regulaciones básicas para la estructura, los niveles y modalidades, modelo de gestión, el financiamiento y la participación de los actores del Sistema Nacional de Educación. El Art. 133 de la Ley Orgánica de Educación Intercultural, establece que las infracciones imputables a los representantes legales, directivos y docentes se sancionarán, según su gravedad, previo sumario administrativo, y siguiendo el debido proceso. La sustanciación de los sumarios administrativos seguidos a los representantes legales, directivos y docentes se lleva a cabo por las Unidades Administrativas de Recursos Humanos por así disponerlo el Art. 146 del Reglamento General a la Ley Orgánica de Educación Intercultural, de antemano como acciones previas son llevada a cabo por la Junta Distrital de Resolución de Conflictos o el Director Distrital, la cual conoce la denuncia o el informe sobre la presunción de la comisión de una falta disciplinaria por parte del docente o directivo, debe remitir inmediatamente la información habilitante a la Unidad Administrativa del Talento Humano para el estudio y análisis de los hechos que presuntamente se imputan. Es por ello que la Unidad Administrativa del Talento Humano es quien lleva a cabo la sustanciación del sumario administrativo seguido a los representantes legales, directivos y docentes, pero estimo que no son las personas adecuadas por cuanto al laborar en la misma institución se convierten en juez y parte de la sustanciación, con la carga subjetiva e imparcial que ello puede implicar, como la violación del derecho de protección señalado en el Art. 76 numeral 7) literal k) de la Constitución de la República del Ecuador de ser juzgado por una jueza o juez independiente, imparcial y competente, conllevando de esta manera a violar la Constitución, no cumpliéndose que los sumarios administrativos se ejecutarán en aplicación de las garantías del debido proceso. Siendo necesario que los sumarios administrativos se aseguren el derecho al debido proceso ponerlos en conocimiento y resolución de otra autoridad como por ejemplo una Unidad de Sustanciación de Sumarios Administrativos, con atribuciones para conocer y resolver sumarios administrativos. Cabe indicar además, que los responsables de las Unidades Administrativas de Recursos Humanos en las diferentes niveles de educación, son personas en el mejor de los casos capacitadas en la Administración de Personal, y que por su función dentro de la tramitación de Sumarios Administrativos se convierten en Jueces Administrativos que tienen que actuar en el proceso. Por lo expuesto se evidencia que estas personas encargadas de las UARHs desconocen de los procedimientos legales que se deben seguir para garantizar el debido proceso consagrado en nuestra Constitución.
Descripción : The Intercultural Education Law guarantees the right to education, determines the general principles and purposes that guide education in Ecuador under the Good Life, intercultural and pluri; and the relationships between its actors. It develops and deepens the rights, obligations and constitutional guarantees in education and establishes the basic regulations for the structure, levels and modes, model management, financing and participation of stakeholders in the national education system. Article 133 of the Organic Law of Intercultural Education, states that attributable to the legal representatives, principals and teachers infringements will be punished according to their severity, prior administrative proceedings, and following due process. The conduct of administrative proceedings followed the legal representatives, principals and teachers is carried out by the Human Resources Administrative Units so dispose Section 146 of the General Regulations of the Organic Law of Intercultural Education, in advance as prior actions are conducted by the District Board of Dispute Resolution or District Director , which referred the complaint or report on the presumption of the commission of a disciplinary offense by the teacher or manager should immediately refer the enabling information to Unit Human Resource management for the study and analysis of the facts allegedly accused. That is why the Human Resource Management Unit is who conducts the conduct of administrative proceedings followed the legal representatives, principals and teachers, but I believe that the right people are not because the work in the same institution become judge and part of the conduct , the burden and impartial opinion that this may imply, as the violation of the right of protection specified in Article 76 paragraph 7 ) literal k ) of the Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador to be tried by a judge or independent, impartial and competent judge , leading thus to violate the Constitution, not fulfilling the administrative proceedings will run in implementation of the guarantees of due process. Require that the administrative proceedings to ensure the right to due process and resolve them aware of another authority such as a Unit Conduct of Administrative Summaries, with power to hear and decide administrative proceedings. It should also indicate that those responsible for the Administrative Units of Human Resources in the different levels of education are people in the best trained in the Personnel Management and its role in the processing of Administrative Summaries become on Administrative Judges must act in the process. Based on the foregoing it is evident that these persons responsible for UARHs unaware of the legal procedures that must be followed to ensure due process enshrined in our Constitution.The Intercultural Education Law guarantees the right to education, determines the general principles and purposes that guide education in Ecuador under the Good Life, intercultural and pluri; and the relationships between its actors. It develops and deepens the rights, obligations and constitutional guarantees in education and establishes the basic regulations for the structure, levels and modes, model management, financing and participation of stakeholders in the national education system. Article 133 of the Organic Law of Intercultural Education, states that attributable to the legal representatives, principals and teachers infringements will be punished according to their severity, prior administrative proceedings, and following due process. The conduct of administrative proceedings followed the legal representatives, principals and teachers is carried out by the Human Resources Administrative Units so dispose Section 146 of the General Regulations of the Organic Law of Intercultural Education, in advance as prior actions are conducted by the District Board of Dispute Resolution or District Director , which referred the complaint or report on the presumption of the commission of a disciplinary offense by the teacher or manager should immediately refer the enabling information to Unit Human Resource management for the study and analysis of the facts allegedly accused. That is why the Human Resource Management Unit is who conducts the conduct of administrative proceedings followed the legal representatives, principals and teachers, but I believe that the right people are not because the work in the same institution become judge and part of the conduct , the burden and impartial opinion that this may imply, as the violation of the right of protection specified in Article 76 paragraph 7 ) literal k ) of the Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador to be tried by a judge or independent, impartial and competent judge , leading thus to violate the Constitution, not fulfilling the administrative proceedings will run in implementation of the guarantees of due process. Require that the administrative proceedings to ensure the right to due process and resolve them aware of another authority such as a Unit Conduct of Administrative Summaries, with power to hear and decide administrative proceedings. It should also indicate that those responsible for the Administrative Units of Human Resources in the different levels of education are people in the best trained in the Personnel Management and its role in the processing of Administrative Summaries become on Administrative Judges must act in the process. Based on the foregoing it is evident that these persons responsible for UARHs unaware of the legal procedures that must be followed to ensure due process enshrined in our Constitution.
URI : http://dspace.unl.edu.ec/jspui/handle/123456789/15101
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